The Atiwa District Assembly is one of the District Assemblies in the Eastern Region of Ghana, it was granted its present status by the Legislative Instrument (LI) 1784 of 2004. It was carved from the then East Akim District Assembly now East Akim Municipal Assembly, in the year 2004. Its Capital is Kwabeng which is situated at the foot of the Atiwa Range.

The profile of any given locality serves as an information bank with regard to the vulnerability of its population to nature as well as human-made risks and shocks, their management arrangements and adaptation challenges.  This section gives a brief sketch of the establishment of the Atiwa District, the physical conditions and social realities.

Vision Statement

Our vision is to become one of the best districts in the country in terms of quality service delivery and improvement in the quality of lives of the people of Atiwa


Mission Statement

The Assembly exists to facilitate the overall development of the district through the provision of socio-economic infrastructure, services and efficient management of resources involving all stakeholders to enhance the quality of life of the people of Atiwa


Location and Size:


The Atiwa District which covers a total area of 2,950 square kilometers is one of the twenty-six Districts in the Eastern Region of Ghana.  Lying between longitudes O° 3? West and O° 50 East and latitudes 6° 10? North and 6° 30? North.  The District is bounded on the North by Kwahu West and Kwahu South Districts, on the North-East by the Fanteakwa District, East Akim to the South-East, Kwaebibrim to the South and Birim North to the West. The strategic location of Atiwa District, sharing boundaries with districts that are famous in agricultural production, provides an opportunity to develop agro processing facilities to make use of raw materials from these areas.The large area under the jurisdiction of the District has implication for many small settlements whose population may not measure up to the population threshold for provision of certain socio-economic infrastructure. And being a relatively new district it may also require enough financial resources to be able to close the infrastructure gap.


The District has a total estimated population of 110,622. (2010, Population and Housing Census Report).  The district is divided into seven (7) Town/Area Councils namely Kwabeng, Anyinam, Sekyere, Abomosu, Asamang-Tamfoe, Akropong and Kadewaso.



  Fig 1 District Map of the Atiwa District


The Atiwa District lies in the wet semi equatorial zone characterized by a bi-modal rainy season, which reaches its maximum during the two peak periods of April-July and September-October.  The annual rainfall is between 1,250mm and 1,750mm.Temperature ranges between a minimum of 26°C and maximum of 30°C.  A relative humidity of 65-75 percent during the dry season and 75-80 percent in the rainy season is a characteristic of the district. This climate is very good for agriculture for both food and cash crops. Atiwa District is quite close to Accra and agro-processing factories. Farmers will be encouraged and supported to go in to cash such as cocoa, citrus and palm plantation.




The District is located within the mist semi-deciduous forest.  The forest reserve covers the Atiwa Scarp and its surroundings.  Commercial tree species covering 12% land area include; Odum, Wawa, Ofram, Asamfra, Mahogany, Okyenkyen etc. The vegetative cover is suitable for intensive agricultural and agro-based industrial activities including food processing, sawmail or wood processing. However pragmatic measures should be put in place to protect the forest cover in terms of reforestation and checking of illegal chain saw operators.


Topography and Drainage


The gentle and undulating land rises about 240m to 300m above sea level with the highest point at the Atiwa ranges which rise over 350m above sea level. Different types of rock formed gave the different relief features, which include flat bottom valleys to steep-sided high lands which are covered with iron pans, bauxite and kaolin.  The steep sided highlands have created some wonderful sightseeing waterfall around Adasawase and Pameng.


The Birimian rock formation covered over (75) percent of the forest zone.  Granite occurs in parallel belts and contains different mineral deposits among which includes: Gold, diamond, bauxite and Kaolin.  Major perennial rivers like, Birim, Densu, Adenchensu, Merepong and Pra have their catchment areas within the Atiwa forest with other several seasonal streams in the District.  The pattern of flow is largely north-south in direction and very good water drainage basic in the district. The rock formation has significant implication for growth of the quarry industry serving as a great potential for the production of chippings for road construction. The unique rock formation resulting in development of waterfalls provides great potentials for tourism development. Effort should be made to identify these natural attraction and such partnership to develop the to additional revenue for development


            Soils and Suitability for Agriculture


The predominant soil type is the Atiwa series; these are usually reddish-brown, well-drained, deep gravel-free silty loams and silty clay loams, located on the relatively high lands while the valley bottoms are mainly of the Oda series with poorly drained alluvia silty clays.  Food crops like Cassava, Maize, Plantain, Cocoyam and yam and tree crops like cocoa, oil palm, coffee and citrus thrive well on it. Since the farmers in the district have comparative advantage in the production of the above mentioned projects, farmers will be encourage and supported to produce more to increase their income level



Natural Resources


The District is endowed with mineral deposits (gold, diamond, bauxite and kaolin), which are found in the Birim river basin around Enyiresi, Abomosu, and Kwabeng  bauxite and manganese are found at Asamama and surrounding area whilst kaolin deposits are found at the Atiwa Ranges.  Forest reserves cover about 100 square kilometers of the Atiwa ranges and contain various timber species, medicinal plants and are good attractions for eco-tourism timber species. The species include: Wawa (Tripochiton scleroxylon), Odum (milicia exelcsa), sapele (Guthaphragong) and mahogany (Kaya ivoreensis) etc.


Adenchemsu, Sea Abena, Akuku, Kankan, Abresu, Awusu, Kokobeng, Frempong, Kade, Subri, Anikorkor are some rivers and stream in the District.  The Birim, Densu and Pra rivers trace the source from the Atiwa ranges which are potential source of water for irrigation and fishing.  Butterfly sanctuary at the Atiwa forest also serves as a major tourist attraction site. The availability of mineral deposits such as gold could be of great potential for the district to raise enough internally generated funds to provide suitable socio-economic infrastructure to improve the welfare of the people in the district. Again these resources may also lead to emergence of illegal mining activities which has implications for water pollution, land degradation, flood and land litigation and conflict. The Assembly should collaborate with minerals commission to check illegal mining activities to reduce water pollution and environmental degradation. The communities should also be supported technically to engage with the mining companies so that they will benefit from the resources.


Population Size and Distribution:

The total population of Atiwa District is 110,622 based on 2010 population and housing census. The distribution of the population in the district by sex shows that females constitute 50.6% while male constitute 49.4%. Comparing population by the locality type, there are more people in the rural areas than the urban centres. The total sex ratio is 97.7 percent implying that for every 100 counts of females in the district, there are almost 98 males. However, the sex ratio in the rural area is almost the same with 99.6 percent which shows that for every 10 females there are almost 10 males.


Age-Sex Structure

The analysis of the age-sex structure indicates that children under 15yeas in the district constitute the highest cohort of the population of 44,111 which represents 39.9 percent of the population followed by 30-59 years (27.1%). The age group 15-24 years (youth) recorded 17.3 percent while Age 25-29 recorded the lowest with 6.8 percent of the total population.

Among the male population, the age-group under 15 years (41.7%) recorded the highest whiles the age group 25-29 years (6.3%) recorded the lowest. The pattern is the same for the female population which also had persons in the age-group under 15 years (38.1%) recording the highest and the age group 25-29 (7.3%). This may probably be due to the adventurous nature of persons in that age-group to migrate outside the district and explore other places of their interest or for greener pastures.

The age-sex structure is graphically represented by a pyramid in Figure 2.1. The figure indicates a broad base which narrows as the age’s increases after age 45 years. The phenomenon confirms assertion that large cohorts are born at a particular year but the members exit through either migration, death or both. For both sexes, more females than the males survive to higher ages although more males than females are in the age group 0-4 years. The pyramid shows that from the age group 20-24 the male population started reducing and the female population began to increase. The same can be said for the age group 25-29. This may probably be due to the risky nature of jobs that males engage in which makes them more prone to death than females. From the Age group 30-34 to age group 40-44, the male population recorded an insignificant change in the population size. The youth nature of the population has implication for provision of socio-economic infrastructures that support their proper upbringing and shape their future. There is the need to provide enough pre-school and basic school infrastructures as well as expanding the primary health facilities to take care of their health needs.

Fig. 2 Population pyramid of Atiwa District, 2010




The District covers an area of 2,950 square kilometers, which his translates into a population density of 37 Persons per square kilometer. This indicates that the district is sparsely populated in except of the four largest settlements. This indicates most of the settlements may not meet the population threshold for provision of essential socio- economic infrastructure like water, school, road and health facilities among others. It therefore requires that facilities should be strategically located to serve scattered settlements.

The projected population by area council bases is depicted below.



Table 1 Population by Area Council (2014-2017)

Area council 2014 2015 2016 2017
KWABENG 25125 26679 27245 27823
AKROPONG 11264 11504 11747 11997
SEKYERE 22869 23355 23850 24356
ASAMANG-TAMFOE 11253 11491 11735 11984
ABOMOSU 15267 15591 15922 16260
ANYINAM 26772 26878 27448 28031
KADEWASO/AWURONSUA 7217 7371 7527 7687
TOTAL 119,767 122,869 125,474 128,138

Source: Computed from 2010 Population and Housing Census Reports





The Atiwa District is predominantly rural with about 66.7 % and 33.3 % rural and urban irrespectively.



Nature of physical Development and problems of Settlement Planning and


Physical Development

Physical development in the district can be grouped into two – private and Public.

Individuals undertake the private development for their exclusive use (building for residential, commercial civic user etc) Public development on the other hand can be classified, as constructional works, be it building, road, bridges, culvert etc. for the general good of the citizenry. The central and local government normally undertakes these.

Private and Public physical development undertaken in the district are governed by two major developmental tools at the disposal. These are Development planning and Development Management (Control) all working through the Statutory Planning Committee (SPC). The Building Regulation LI 1630 is the legislation that regulates the issuance of Building Permit and monitoring of physical construction.

The Town & Country Planning Department and settlement planning consultants together have   prepared and approved planning scheme/ lay -out by the District Statutory Planning Committee for Kwabeng. The aforementioned scheme/layout is a tool available to the Assembly through the DSPC to ensure orderly physical development in the district capital.

It must be stated that most settlements in the district do not have schemes/layout. In addition, monitoring of physical development and enforcement of legislations/byelaw on physical development is weak, mainly due inadequate equipment, transport and logistics. These have resulted in haphazard and unauthorized erection of physical structures. There is therefore the need for the District Assembly to provide adequate funding for the preparation and management of settlement schemes/layouts to guide proper settlement development so as to reduce the haphazard, uncontrolled and uncoordinated development in most parts of the district.




Culture & Tourism

The Atiwa District is endowed with an enviable potential that predisposes the area to tourism development.  The potential of the District include physical, historical and cultural variants that could be developed for conventional tourism.  The scenic landscape and multiple ethnic characters make the area a favourable destination for adventure-seeking and exploratory tourists.

Other existing attractions are the water falls, forest reserves, historic places, cultural heritage and supporting facilities such as hotels and parks.  Notable among the identified tourist sites is Tini waterfalls which has great potentials to attract large patronage. Tini waterfall has been relatively developed and being patronized by both local and international tourists. Tini Waterfall is located in a lush ever green forest about 6km from Adasawase, a small farming community of about 6km from Anyinam off the Accra-Kumasi highway in the Atiwa District of the Eastern region. The attraction consists of spectacular cascading waterfalls over a giant rock formation and an ancient cave. A receptive centre has been developed and the Assembly is seeking a private entrepreneur to run the place at a negotiated sharing formula.The nearness of the District to the regional capital and to some extent the national capital can boast the tourism development in the area.



Location /Distribution of Services and Infrastructure

A study of spatial location and distribution of service; and their inter-linkages in the district was carried out with the aid of the scalogram analysis. The scalogram shows the analysis of the distribution of functions/services.  The scalogram is non-qualitative. It only indicates the presence of facilities in each settlement in order to guide development decision-making related to the choice of project location. The scalogram, which is a matrix showing selected settlements and the respective functions they perform in a district, provides an in-depth knowledge about the adequacy and variety of functions performed by each of the selected settlements. It also helps in the determination of hierarchy of settlements and the nature of spatial integration they exhibit in the district. The tool also helps in determining the hierarchy of settlements and the nature of spatial integration they exhibit in a district.  To identify the presence or absence of services and facilities within the district, the settlement functional matrix (scalogram) was used.  By this, the settlements were ranked based on different types of facilities in the settlement.


The settlements were ranked in a hierarchy based on the variety of the aforementioned services in the scalogram.  Anyinam has the highest number of services in the district.  It is necessary that the district focuses on equitable spatial development.






Table 2:   Functionality Index (Scalogram) Analysis of the District







WEIGHT 2 3 1 1 1 3 1 2 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 1
ANYINAM 10,961 X X X x x x x x x x 0 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 0 x x 0 x x x 0 31 28 1


KWABENG 10,901 X X X x x X x x x 0 x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x 0 0 x x x 30 26
ABOMOSU 6,021 X X X x x 0 x 0 x x 0 0 0 x x x x x x x x x x x x x 0 x x 0 0 0 0 0 23 23
SEKYERE 9,671 X X X x x x 0 x x x 0 x 0 x x x x 0 x 0 x x 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 18 18
NEW JEJETI 8,668 X X X x x x 0 x x x 0 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 x 0 x x 0 0 0 x 0 x x 0 0 0 0 0 17 17  















X X X x x x 0 x x x 0 0 0 x 0 x x 0 0 0 x x 0 0 0 x 0 0 x x 0 0 0 0 17 17


X X X x x x x x 0 0 0 0 0 x x x 0 x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 x 0 x x 0 0 0 0 0 17 17


X X X x x x 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 11 17


X X X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 13 13


X X X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 9 13


X X X x x x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 9 13


X 0 X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 8 13
BOMAA 1,028


X X X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 X 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 13 13


X X X x 0 x 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 9 13


X X X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 x 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 12 12  




TUMFA 1,308


X X X x x x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x x 0 0 0 0 0 12 12


X X X x x x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 11 11


X X X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 11 11


X X X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 x 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 11 11


X 0 X x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 6 11


X x X x x x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 10 10 5


X x X x x x 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 10 10


X 0 X x x x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 x 0 0 0 0 7 10
TOTAL NO. OF SETTLEMENTS   26 28 32 37 28 25 14 42 12 14 20 2o 5 14 4 11 20 11 16 12 6 20 33 25 20 10 16 26 10 10 20 5 7 8
TOTAL CENTRALITY 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 1100 100 100
WEIGHTED CENTRALITY SCORE 2.6 2.8 3.2 3.7 2.8 25 14.3 4.2 12.5 14.3 20 20 5.3 14.3 4.4 11.1 20 11 16.7 12.5 5.6 20.0 33 25 20 10 16.7 2.6 100 10 20 5.2 7.3 8



For the analysis, 23 settlements (representing communities with population 800 and above people were used. Thirty (34) services and facilities, under education, health, water; energy, post and telecommunication, finance, agriculture, etc sectors, were identified and considered as shown in the matrix is shown in above scalogram. Based on the variety and level of the aforementioned services in the scalogram, settlements were ranked in a hierarchy. Hierarchy one (1) has the highest number of services in the district, totaling   18 to 28 out of 34 facilities considered. A centrality index was calculated from the scalogram for all the 37 settlements, and four communities that fall within the first hierarchy have access to 18 to 28 facilities and services out of 34 considered. The third hierarchy has between 13 to 15 of the facilities and services and the fifth and last hierarchy has 3 to 10 of the services and facilities   Anyinam has the highest   centrality index of 28 followed by Kwabeng had a centrality index of only 26. The analysis revealed that even though there is a linkage between population concentration and distribution of services, some settlements with higher population lacked certain facilities.  However, some of the settlements are not far from settlements where the facilities and services they lacked are located. The district must make efforts to provide services and facilities in areas where they are not currently available even though the population threshold of some of the settlements does not qualified for provision of certain socio-economic infrastructure





The economy of the Atiwa District can be analyzed under four (4) broad categories namely; Agriculture, Industry, Trading and services.  Agriculture remains the dominant sector and employs about 60% of the labour force.  This is followed by the service sector which employs about 34.4% and the mining sector employs 6.6% of the total labour force in the district.


Fig 3 – The structure of Atiwa Economy



Source, DPCU 2015


                        Manufacturing/Industry Sector



There are small and medium scale industries in the district.  The industrial sector is dominated by small-scale manufacturing activities, which range from Gari Processing, Oil Palm Extraction, Mining, Saw Mills and Bakery.


The district has a number of small scale industries engaged in the production of various items. The manufacturing sector is dominated by businesses in the area of  Dressmaking, Carpentry, Metal, fabrication, Distillation of alcoholic beverages (akpeteshie and pito), Leather works ,Ceramics, Quarrying, Baking, Milling, Wood processing (saw mills) and Batik / tie and dye making.  These businesses are mainly micro and small-scale enterprises without permanent employees and the owners usually depend on apprentices to undertake their activities.


            Service Sector/Trading Sector

The service sector is arguably the fastest growing sector in the District economy.  A large number of small and medium scale service enterprises have sprung up in the District quite recently mostly in the area of ICT and the setting up of business centres,  hair-dressing salons, repair shops (mechanics, electricians, sprayers etc), spare parts dealers, drug/chemical stores, pharmacies, supermarkets, drinking spots. Other known service providers are banking, telecommunication and postal services.


 Financial Institutions

There are four (4) banks in the District. These are Ghana Commercial Bank Ltd, Fantiakwa Rural Bank, Atiwa Rural Bank, Adonteng Rural Bank and five saving and loan schemes


Trade and Commerce

About 12% of the working population in the district is engaged in trading/commercial activities (buying and selling) of all types of products ranging from foodstuff to building materials and spare parts. Most of the traders are small size retailers, and apart from a few who trade in defined market places, most trading activities in the district are still located along roads, water ways and residential neighborhoods, thus creating a lot of environmental sanitation problems.



            Agricultural Sector


The Atiwa District which lies within the moist semi-deciduoos forest has two rainfall patterns with annual rainfall ranging from 1,250mm to 1,750mm. The atmospheric temperature is fairly uniform through-out the year, ranging between 26 oC and 36 oC. It is estimated that 60% of the economically active population is engaged in the agricultural sector.  These are catered for by fourteen (15) agriculture extension officers. Majority of the settlements within the district engage in agricultural activities apart from few urban centres. The adoption of scientific farm practices is high among literate farmers and has resulted in increased. The major crops grown in the District are Cocoa, Maize, Cassava, Plantain, Oil palm and Vegetables. Cocoa and Oil palm dominate as the Major cash crops.


Table 3 : Crop production level

Crop                                   Total Production(Mt)
  2012            2013 2014 2015
Maize 14,400 17,823.40 15,874 15,928
Rice 50 416 392 378
Cassava 114,778 271,020 176,800
Plantain 110,778 67,585 88,070
Cocoyam 42,452 42,185 25,128
Yam 7,036 6,900 6,975

Source: District Education office, 2015


Table 4: Production Projection for the Next Four Years

CROP                                   Total Production(Mt)
2014            2015 2016 2017
Maize 17,520 19,272 21,199.2 23,318
Rice 415 462 508 559
Cassava 194,480 213,928 235,321 258,854
Plantain 96,877 106,565 117,221 128,943
Cocoyam 27,640 30,404 33,444 36,788
Yam 7,673 8,440 9,284 10,212

Source: District Education office, 2015


The major crop producing areas in the District are Ahankrasu,Sankobenase,Akakum,Adwadurosu,Larbikrom,Akukuso,Awuronsua,Abakoas, Abakoase-Subriso, Tiwia-Subrisu, and the Major Livestock producing areas are Kwabeng, Abomoso, Fremponso, Mbraim Sekyere, Akropong, and Tumfa. Post harvest loses is estimated to be between 10-20% of total production and causes of such loses is attributed to bad storage structures, poor preservation and storage practices. Slash and burn and mixed cropping are the types of farming practices practiced in the district. The most common crop pests and diseases prevalent in the district are the black pod of cocoa, Insects, nematodes, weeds and fungi diseases and the Major diseases affecting livestock are PPR Helminthiasis, New Castle. The appropriate insecticides, herbicides and fungicides are recommended to farmers for spraying in order to control the diseases and pest.


Cocoa is the most important crop in the District. The pests and diseases that affect crops in the district are insects, nematode, weeds and fungi diseases.  The measures that are taken to control these diseases and pests include appropriate insecticides, herbicides and fungicides recommended to farmers for spraying.


Livestock and Poultry

The livestock sector is not pronounced as in the crop sub – sector. Every household keeps few animals and small ruminants. The sub-sector is divided into two sections; Animal production and Veterinary services. The Major animals reared are; sheep, goat, poultry, cattle, pigs. Common diseases found are (PPR) Pest de Petit Ruminants Helminthiasis for sheep and goats, fowl pox and new castle for poultry.


Post Harvest Losses (Agro – Based)

Post harvest losses, arising mainly as a result of poor storage structures, inadequate market for produce and bad road network are estimated to be between 10-20 of total production.

Processing of farm produce especially gari is in its infancy. The District experience heavy loses. Now with the assistance of European Union, one new multipurpose Gari and Corn mill processing Machine has been installed one at New Jejeti. A modern palm Kernel processing Machine also funded by European Union has also been installed at Frimponso. The percentage of post harvest loses is between 10 – 20%. The agriculture related problem that are faced in the District include; high cost of farming inputs, low pricing of produce during peak of harvest, untimely supply of inputs for farmers and farm lands are destroyed during small scale mining.


Illegal Mining Menace

Illegal mining (Gallamsey) has been a major challenge to agriculture in the District as vast arable lands have been lost to mining whiles water bodies used for irrigating vegetable farms are also polluted with toxic mercury and other chemicals.


Farmer Based Organizations (FBOs)

The Department of Co-operative has sensitized the farmers in the District to form groups to create an opportunity for them to have access to credits and loans from the financial institutions to expand/boast their production.

Table 5 Farmer-Based Organisations in the District

1. Ewiase Wura Farmers Association Akropong Oil Palm Processing
2. Biakoye Farmers Association Akyem Banso Citrus Plantation
3 Nkabom Kuo Akutuase Rice Production
4 Somo Dadee mu yie Awurensua Maize production
5 Aboe/Jejeti Farmers Association Aboe Cassava production
6 Biakoye Farmers Association Abomosu Cassava production
7 Biakoye Farmers Association Akwadroso Vegetable production
8 Wope Nyeho Multipurposes Farmers


Tumfa Cassava production
9 Nyambekyere Farmers Association Tumfa Vegetable production
10 Nkruakan oil processors Nkruakan Oil Palm Processing
11 Adom Farmers Association Tumfa Maize production
12 Tumfa Citrus Farmers Association Tumfa Citrus Plantation
13 Amonom Oil processors Amonom Oil Palm Processing
14 Gyamase vegetable growers Gyamase Vegetable production
15  Kwakwadum Farmers Association Kwakwadum Maize production






Revenue and Expenditure Analysis



During the period under review (2010-2013), IGF and other grants received by the Assembly amounted to GHC 10, 158, 138.45 as against the estimated revenue of GHC 25,780,811.01. The amount collected represents 39.40% of the estimated figure of GHC 25,780,811.01. On the other hand, the Assembly incurred a total expenditure of GHC 9, 235,891.32 as against a budgeted amount of GHC 26,375,785.10 and this represents 35.02% of the estimated figure of GHC 26,375,785.

The effects of this were that the Assembly could not execute all its development projects during the year.

We recommend that there should be early releases of funds to the MMDAs to enable the Assemblies execute fully their development programms

Table 6: revenue and expenditure performance of the district







% of Performance Estimated






% of Performance
2012 7, 047,872.02 1,890,591.73 (5,157,080.35) 26.83% 7,036,433.26 1, 416,581.95 5,619,851.31 20.13%
2013 5, 018,702.93 2,193,339.84 (2,825,363.09) 43.70% 4,961,076.84 1,569,076.84 3,391,638.36 31.64%
2014 7,471,684.00 2,686,681.07 (4,785,002.93) 35.96% 8,135,523.00 2,712,280.95 5,423,242.05 33.34%
2015 6, 242,752.00 3,387, 525.81 (2,855,226.19) 54.26% 6,242,752.00 3,537,589.94 2,705,162.02 56.67%
TOTALS 25,780,811.01 10,158,138.45 (15,622,672.56) 39.40% 26,375,785.10 9, 235,891.32 17,139,893.78 35.0%


Source: District Finance Department,2015.



Social Services

 The District relatively has a reasonable number of public and private schools that provide education to the people within the district especially at the basic and second cycle levels. For the public schools, there are Eighty one (81) pre-schools, Eighty two (82) primary schools, Seventy (70) Junior high schools, and Two (2) Senior High schools.

With regards to the private schools, twenty two (22) are pre-schools, twenty two (22) primary schools, twelve (12) Junior High schools, two (2) Senior High schools, and one (1) vocational school.

These public and private educational institutions provide human resources development opportunities for children and youth in the district. The distribution of these educational institutions is shown in the table below on Circuit bases.

Table 7: Distribution of Schools by Circuit

ABOMOSU 13 11 10 2 2 1
ANYINAM 11 11 11 6 6 4 2
ENYERISI 10 10 6
KWABENG 8 10 7 1 2 2 2
AKROPONG 10 10 9 2 2 2
SEKYERE 13 14 12 1 4 4
AKROFUFU 9 9 8 2 2 1 1
KADEWASO 7 7 7 2 2 2
TOTAL 81 82 70 2 22 22 12 2 1

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015

Out of a total of 233 Public Basic Schools in the District, Sekyere Circuit has the highest number of 39 Public Basic schools representing 16.7% followed by Abomosu Circuit with a total number of 34 Public Basic schools representing 14.6%. Enyiresi has 10 public primary schools but only 6 JHS to absorb the graduates from the primary schools and this is inadequate. There is the need to increase the number of JHS in Enyiresi Circuit to provide adequate opportunities for the pupils from the primary schools to access JHS Education.


Pre-school Enrolment level

At the pre-school level, total enrolment has decreased from 7,139 in 2012 to 6,656 in 2013. Total female enrolment is 50.4%, while male enrolment is 49.6%. These results indicate a higher enrolment of girls than boys at the pre-school level in 2013. And this is encouraging, so measures must be put in place to ensure that these girls continue their education to the higher levels.

Table 8: Pre-School Enrolment

CIRCUIT PUBLIC District totals
    Absolute No. Percentage
Total Female Male Female Male Female Male
ABOMOSU 1086 565 521 565 521 52 48
ANYINAM 881 414 467 414 467 47 53
ENYERISI 627 322 304 322 304 51.5 48.5
KWABENG 807 387 420 387 420 48 52
AKROPONG 858 426 432 426 432 50 50
SEKYERE 1114 573 541 573 541 51.4 48.6
AKROFUFU 815 414 401 414 401 50.8 49.2
KADEWASO 468 252 216 252 216 53.8 46.2
TOTAL 6656 3354 3302 3354 3302 50.4 49.6

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015

Primary school Enrolment level

Primary school enrolment has decreased significantly from 13,720 in 2012 to 13,037 in 2013. But in this case ‘Boy’ school enrolment at the primary level is higher than that of Girls. Total female enrolment is 47.8%, while male enrolment is 52.2%. Measures must be put in place to increase Girl-child education.

Table 9: Primary School Enrolment

CIRCUIT PUBLIC District totals
    Absolute No. Percentage
Total Female Male Female Male Female Male
ABOMOSU 2035 972 1063 972 1063 47.8 52.2
ANYINAM 1980 966 1014 966 1014 48.8 51.2
ENYERISI 1259 585 674 585 674 46.5 53.5
KWABENG 1540 772 768 772 768 50.1 49.9
AKROPONG 1763 811 952 811 952 46.0 54.0
SEKYERE 2094 1012 1082 1012 1082 51.7 48.3
AKROFUFU 1411 662 749 662 749 53.1 46.9
KADEWASO 955 452 503 452 503 52.7 47.3
TOTAL 13037 6232 6805 6232 6805 47.8 52.2

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015

Junior High School Enrolment level

At the JHS level, school enrolment has increased slightly from 4,978 in 2012 to 5,169 in 2013. Like the primary school level, Boys enrolment is higher than that of Girls at the JHS level as shown in the table 1.4 below. Overall, this implies that as they climb the educational ladder to the top, the girls’ dropout turn to be higher than boys. Management attention and action is needed to resolve the issue so as to ensure the retention of girls in school throughout the education ladder.

Table 10: Junior High School Enrolment

CIRCUIT PUBLIC District totals
    Absolute No. Percentage
Total Female Male Male Female male female
ABOMOSU 774 340 434 434 340 56.1 43.9
ANYINAM 998 471 527 527 471 52.8 47.2
ENYERISI 392 182 210 210 182 53.6 46.4
KWABENG 687 337 350 350 337 50.9 49.1
AKROPONG 673 275 398 398 275 59.1 40.9
SEKYERE 860 363 497 497 363 57.8 42.2
AKROFUFU 464 218 246 246 218 53.0 47.0
KADEWASO 321 116 205 205 116 63.9 36.1
TOTAL 5169 2302 2867 2867 2302 55.5 44.5

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015

Gross Enrolment/ Participation Rate

Pupils’ Enrolment under the Capitation Grant

The capitation grant policy is a pro-poor policy aimed at reducing the financial burden on guidance thereby increasing pupil’s enrolment in schools throughout the country. This policy started in 2005 in the Atiwa District. The table below shows the pupils’ enrolment with the amount of capitation grant released from 2011/2012 academic year to 2012/2013 academic year. The study has revealed that the general school participation rate in the district has decreased from 26,822 in 2011/2012 academic year to25, 791 in 2012/2013 at the pre-school level as shown in table 23.


Table 11 Pupils’ Enrolment under the Capitation Grant


(academic year)

Enrolment Date grant was released Term Amount released


2011/2012 26,822




October 2012


November 2012

3rd term


1st term




2012/2013 25,791




July 2013


September 2013

2nd term


2nd term(2011/2012)




SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015

School Infrastructure

School infrastructure at the pre-school and basic levels in the district is still inadequate, including furniture, and the existing classrooms are poor. This evident in tables 1.23 and 1.24

Primary School Infrastructure

School infrastructure at the primary schools in the district is still inadequate even though the district assembly has done it best in providing new classrooms blocks. The table below shows that out of 94 classrooms in the primary level, 57.4% are cement blocks, 34% are mud classrooms and the rest of 8.5% are wooden and very bad structures.


Table 12 Primary School Infrastructure                      

CIRCUIT Infrastructure(types of building) Furniture
Cement Blk Swish/mud Under trees Wooden structure Tables Chairs cupboard
ANYINAM 12 2 1
ENYERISI 7 6 2 1
TOTAL 54 32 4 4

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015


Junior High School Infrastructure

At the JHS level, only very few of the structures are wooden buildings and most of them are in a good condition as shown in the table below.

Table 13 Junior High School Infrastructure

CIRCUIT Infrastructure(types of building) Furniture
Cement Blk Swish/mud Under trees Wooden structure Tables Chairs cupboard
TOTAL 26 14 1 2

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015



The JHS has adequate teachers in the district of which over 86% of them are trained teachers and the rest are pupil teachers and the private teachers are all pupil teachers and about one hundred and fifty-one (51) private teachers in the district.

Table 14 Junior High School Teachers

CIRCUIT Total enrolment Total number of teachers Public Private Total untrained Backlog
Public Private       Public Private  
ABOMOSU 774 150 74 41 21 12 21
ANYINAM 998 349 110 71 32 7 32
ENYERISI 392 37 33 4
KWABENG 687 117 81 56 20 5 20
AKROPONG 673 80 88 58 22 8 22
SEKYERE 860 103 72 24 7 24
AKROFUFU 464 12 64 44 16 4 16
KADEWASO 321 79 74 42 16 16 16
TOTAL 5169 787 631 417 151 63 151  

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015

Supervision and Performance in BECE


Most of the key school level stakeholders (PTAs and SMCs) are still inactive. There is therefore a weak linkage between schools and their respective communities (who are owners of schools). The responsibility of the communities to plan, manage, monitor and maintain the effective running of schools is rarely carried out. This is affecting school performance at the basic levels.

Intensive education of community members is necessary, so as to encourage them to form such management groups for the better management of schools, and for the direct benefit of all children in the communities. It is also necessary to train the PTAs and SMCs to improve their performances. The average number of visit per month to schools, by the inspectorate division of the District Education Directorate has increased slightly from 2.2 in 2005 to 2.4 in 2009. The performance is still below the required average of 3.0 visits per month. Six (6) motor bikes have been provided to some circuit supervisors, but delays in the release of traveling and risk allowances and other incentives is affecting effective monitoring and supervision of schools.



The performance of pupils in the BECE in the district has decreased greatly from 40% in 2012 to 34.2% in 2013. Performance in the circuit bases has also decreased significantly in all circuits. Efforts are therefore needed to raise the performance level in the district.

Table 15 BECE Performance

Circuit Percentage performance in BECE
2014 2015
ABOMOSU 45.0 40.0
ANYINAM 62.0 60.0
ENYIRESI 35.0 30.0
KWABENG 47.0 40.0
AKROPONG 38.0 32.0
SEKYERE 35.0 31.0
AKROFUFU 30.0 25.0
KADEWASO 28.0 22.0
TOTAL 70% 80%

SOURCE: District Education Directorate, 2015


Key problems and challenges affecting improved educational standard in the district include the following:

  • Low academic performance at the basic school level
  • High number of dilapidated classroom  infrastructure
  • High level of congestion in schools and Weak supervision in schools
  • Inadequate school furniture
  • Inadequate trained teachers especially in the rural areas and the pre-school level
  • Ineffective ICT education in the district


            Health sector

  Health Care Facilities/Services

The district has only one (1) Hospital; with the current population of 113,302 the district required about three (3) hospitals. The current hospital gap is being managed by four (4) Health Centres, six (6) Private Maternity Homes and four (4) private clinics. The location of these health facilities are located in the below table.

Table 16: Health Facilities in the District

Area Council Hospital Health Centre Clinics Maternity Homes CHPS
Public Private Public Private Public Private Public Private  
Kwabeng 1 2 2
Akropong 1 2
Anyinam 1 2
Abomosu 1 2
Asamang. Tamfoe
Kadewaso/ Awuronsua 1
Total 1   4   4   6  

Source: District Health Directorate, Atiwa 2015

 Health Professionals

The number of Medical Doctors in the district has increased from 3 in 2010 to 5 in 2013. The Doctor/Population ratio has therefore improved from 1: 51,013 in 2010 to 1: 37,969 in 2013. The number of nurses in the district has also increased from 51 in 2010 to 80 in 2013. The nurse/population ratio has also improved from 1:3,00 in 2005 to 1:2,373 in 2009.Whiles the Doctor /population ratio is still below the required standard of 1:25,000, the Nurse /Population ratio is above the required standard of 1:3000. There is still some pressure on the doctors, and this has implications for quality health care delivery in the district. The District Hospital now has an Anesthetist and Physiotherapist whose services augment the work of the Medical superintendent. The district health sector also requires more accounts staff to cope with the work load as a result of the implementation of the National Health Insurance scheme.


 Incidence of Diseases

The trend of ten top out-patient morbidity in the district is shown in table 1.28. Most of the diseases are due to poor environment and diet.  A lot need to be done on our bad environment –refuse disposal sites, places of convenience, overgrown weeds which breed Mosquitoes and eating habits.


Table 17: Top Ten out Patient Morbidity

2012 2013 2014 2015
No Diseases Cases Diseases Cases Diseases Cases Diseases Cases
1 Malaria 35,727 Malaria 47571 Malaria 70373 Malaria 81,780
2 Cough & Cold/RTI 6259 Cough & Cold/RTI 9570 Cough & Cold/RTI 14629 Acute Resp. infections 21,478
3 Diarrhea 6070 Skin Disease 4753 Diarrhea 8695 Diarrhea 8,626
4 Skin Disease 3690 Acute Urinal Infection 4574 Skin Disease 5754 Hypertension 6,790
5 Hypertension 979 Diarrhea 3161 UTI 5507 Skin Disease 6,678
6 Rheumatism & Joint Pains 486 Hypertension 3067 Hypertension 4099 Acute Urinal Infection 6,649
7 Intestinal worm 290 Acute ear infection 2803 Chicken Pox 2688 Rheumatism & Joint Pains 4,721
8 Anaemia 260 Intestinal worm 2615 Rheumatism & Joint Pains 2341 Intestinal worm 3,530
9 Pneumonia 193 Rheumatism & Joint Pains 1148 Intestinal worm 1945 Diabetes 2,124
10 Gynaecological condition 123 Home occupational injuries 1020 Home occupational injuries 1611 Home occupational injuries 1,770

Source: District Health Directorate, 2015

Hypertensions normally do not come under the top ten diseases.  Its current inclusion in the top ten means most inhabitants are getting this affluent disease, which we should be worried about. The eating habits of the people in the district have changed and people are taking in more of high cholesterol foods than the local fiber foods.  Buruli Ulcer, though not one of the ten top diseases is endemic in the district with high reported cases of 85 in 2013. All these diseases are of public health importance.

The ten main causes of hospital admission in the district are shown in the table 1.29 below.

A most of the causes of hospital admissions are environmental and diet in nature.  This means that a lot need to be done about environmental sanitation.

Table 18: Causes of Hospital Admission

                     2014 2015
Causes Number of Admissions Causes Number of Admissions
Anaemia 152 Anaemia 367
Gastroenteritics 70 Malaria 296
Malaria 33 Diarrhoea diseases 76
Hernia 30 Septicaemia 62
Typhoid fever 19 Cellulitis 42
Cardio Vascular disease 16 Gastritis 37
Cellulitis 14 Hypertension 32
Hypertention 12 Hernia Inguinal 28
pheumonia 10 Pneumonia 28
Viral hepatitis 6 Upper Respiratory Tract Infection 26

Source: District Health Directorate, 2015


Maternal Health Services

Antenatal service coverage increased from 43.3% (3,102) in 2005 to 110% (8,736) in 2009 with average visit of 3 per client.  Coverage for late teenagers increased from 12.3% (382) in 2005 to 24.8% (1,006) of the total antenatal registrants in 2009.  Pregnant women registered with Anaemia reduced slightly from 22.7% in 2005 to 21.7% (1,722).The women who delivered in health facilities increased significantly from 25.6% in 2005 to 50.4% in 2009.  Out of this, 1.4% (55) had still births (babies died at birth). Women in labour still report to health facilities late and others use all sorts of herbal preparations during labour before seeking health care and others never visited the health facilities during pregnancy. Measures are still required to encourage pregnant mothers to patronize pre-Natal and post-natal health care services to improve their health status and that of their babies.



Immunization coverage for BCG, Measles, OPV and Yellow Fever has increased from about 81 % on the average in 2010 to 89.1 in 2013.  The table 38 shows Immunization coverages in the district in 2013.


Table 19: Immunization Coverage for 2015

Percentage Coverage
BCG 93.5%
Measles 88.7%
OPV3 87.6%
Yellow Fever 88.7%
Pentavalent3 87.7%

Source: District Health Directorate, Atiwa, 2015


There is low community involvement in health programmes in the district.  The reasons are ignorance, apathy to mention a few. During immunization sessions most women stay at home with the pretext of having forgotten the date. The rate of child malnutrition in the district is has reduced from 2.8%in 2005 to 0.1% in 2009

 Infant and Maternal Mortality


The District did not record maternal death or infant death in the health facilities.  Not much information is captured by Community Based Surveillance volunteers (CBSV) in the area of infant and maternal death. There is the need to strengthened and motivate the CBSVs for them to be effective.


 District Health Insurance Scheme

The District in its efforts to make health care services accessible to majority of people has established a District-Wide Mutual Health Insurance scheme. The Scheme is fully operational. The total number of registered members has as at the end 2013 was 86977 representing 75% of the   total estimated population of the District. The Atiwa   District Health Insurance Scheme has its full complement of staff and office equipment. The secretariat is well accommodated and has acquired a Four Wheel Drive Pick-up which is being used for educational campaign to increase participation rate in the district. Key problems and challenges in the health sector include the following:

  • Low patronage of antenatal health care services.
  • High doctor/population ratio
  • Inadequate In-patient infrastructure and equipment (wards, beds etc.)
  • No residential accommodation for health staff in all the health facilities.
  • Poor community involvement in health programmes.
  • High level of sanitation related diseases
  • People travel long distance to access health care
  • Poor data capturing from institutions and outreaches
  • Poor security at some health facilities


             Water Situation in the District

Even though the Atiwa District Assembly has varied water sources and systems including piped systems, boreholes and hand dug wells, flow of water has been hugely irregular, inadequate and unreliable. The average water coverage is 59 per cent. Water delivery for domestic and industrial purposes is supplemented by rain harvesting, rivers, streams and dug-outs.  Most of these sources are unsafe and expose the people to water-related diseases such as diarrhoea, typhoid fever, guinea worm and schistosomiasis. The problem has been aggravated by a high population growth rate and a seemingly lack of capacity on the part of the responsible agency, the Ghana Water Company, to keep pace with the rate of demand.


            Sanitation Situation in the District

 Solid Waste-Generation and management

Solid waste in the district is generated from domestic (household), commercial (market and trading) and institutional activities. About 70% of the solid waste generated in the district is organic. Plastic waste is also high. Open dumping of refuse is the main method of refuse disposal in most communities in the district. However, the method is not properly managed and has resulted in indiscriminate disposal of refuse and also the creation of huge piles of refuse in most settlements in the district. There are 36 huge piles refuse in the district. These dumping sites serve as breeding grounds for mosquitoes and source of typhoid, cholera and other sanitation related diseases. The indiscriminate disposal of refuse results in chocked drains, and flooding whenever it rains, and thus contribute to the breeding of mosquitoes and creation of conditions for the development and spread of sanitation related diseases. Total number of reported cases of malaria in 2009 was 81,780, and most of the top 10 diseases in the district are sanitation related.

The District Assembly is responsible for solid waste management in the district. The Assembly performs this responsibility through the District Environmental Health Unit and a private company called Zoom Lion Limited. Through the collaborative efforts of the District Assembly, the Environmental Health Unit and Zoom Lion Limited the following progress had been made since 2005.

  • Number of refuse heaps in the district has reduced from 44 to 36
  • One (1) skip loader has been acquired
  • Seven (7) new communal refuse containers have been acquired and placed at vantage points
  • Fifteen (15) new tri cycles have been acquired for refuse collection
  • 40 youths have been engaged to clean major town roads and drains
  • Regular fumigation of drains and open spaces in town has been carried out.


Despite these there are still a number of challenges. Sanitary tools and equipment (wheel barrows, shovels, rakes, protective clothing, refuse trucks, communal and household refuse containers) are inadequate for refuse management in the district.

Roads situation

The district has a total road network of 259.10 kilometres, out of these 60.8 kilometers of Bitumen surfaced road. This represents 42.26% of total road surface in the district. The length of bitumen surfaced roads in the district has increased from 82.2 km in 2010 to 109.5km in 2013. The percentage of roads in good condition has also increased from 57.3% in 2010 to 64.10% in 2013. A total of 166kms of road (out of 259.1km) is in good condition. Motor vehicle remains an indispensable means of transport for most people in the district; the generally low level of good roads in the district makes movement within and outside the district relatively difficult.

However, the condition of about 150km of the district’s total road network is untarred they are motorable throughout the year as shown in table 18. The District capital, Kwabeng has only 5km of the town roads tarred. This forms only 10% of town streets. The remaining untarred roads have no drains a situation which facilitates erosion in the town. This analysis indicates that more needs to be done by the District Assembly and the Road Agencies to improve the condition of roads in the district, especially those in the remote Cocoa and food crop growing communities so as to improve accessibility towards increased food production, access to market and reduce poverty.

Table 20: Summary of Length and Condition of Road Types in the District

Road Type Length (Km) Good Fair Bad
Km % Km % Km %
Bitumen Roads 111.50 103.5 92.82 6 5.38 2 1.79
Graveled Roads 199.60 72.50 36.32 57.8 28.95 69.3 34.71
Total 311.1 176.0 56.57 63.8 20.50 71.3 22.91

Source: District Feeder Roads Department, 2015



The Atiwa District Assembly is one of the Districts Assemblies in the Eastern Region of Ghana.  The District was granted its present status by the Legislative Instrument (LI) 1784 of 2004  It is composed of thirty four (34) Electoral Areas and further divided into Seven (7) Area Councils and thirty four (34) Unit Committees spread throughout the District.

            The General Assembly

The Assembly, which is the highest deliberative, legislative and executive authority in the District, is composed of fifty-one (51) members, made of thirty four (34) elected on non-partisan basis ,fifteen (15)  appointed by government, Two (2) Members of Parliament representing Atiwa East and West  constituencies of the district and the District Chief Executive.

There are eight (8) sub-committees of the Assembly and they are; Social Services, Works, Finance and Administration, Development Planning, House, Agriculture, Justice and Security and Budget. Reports from these sub-committees are submitted to the Executive Committee which is presided over by the District   Chief Executive.

Sub-District Structures

In line with the objective of achieving complete decentralization, Seven (7) Area Councils and a total of thirty four (34) Unit Committees have been established in the District to deepen grassroots participation in governance. Only one Area Council (Anyinam) has office accommodation. The Assembly has provided them with computers and other office equipment. The District Assembly has also ceded some revenue areas to them for collection and keeps 50% of whatever they collect for their own local development.

The Area Councils still face a lot of challenges and chiefly among them include; office accommodation, inadequate funding and means of transport. These affect the execution of their functions such as resource identification/mobilization, registration of births and deaths, mobilization of communities to undertake local development activities, etc.  Measures such as the provision of funding and means of transport, training and logistics are required to make these structures function effectively to enable them contribute the development of the district





            Public Sector Institutions in the District


A sizeable number of other institutions and organizations have been established and operating in the District to provide services that are geared towards promoting good governance. They include the National Commission of Civic Education (NCCE), Electoral Commission (EC), District Police Command, and Atiwa District Health Insurance Scheme (ATDHIS) and the Traditional Authority. The District has two (2) magistrate courts located at Kwabeng and Anyinam, and National Ambulance Service with one van stationed at Anyinam.  One fire service station without an office and the necessary equipment resources located at Anyinam.  Measures are required to improve the infrastructure for the security.  There is the need to provide office and residential accommodation, fire tender, logistics and office equipment to enhance the communication links between the public and the security agencies

            The Administrative Set-up

The Office of the District Assembly established under Local Government Act 656 of 2003 is the bureaucratic nerve centre of the Assembly. The District Chief Executive is the political and administrative head of the institution. The District Co-ordinating Director is the head of the bureaucracy and provides guidance and direction to all the eleven (11) Decentralised Departments of the District.  The administrative structure is composed of the General Administration, District Planning Co-ordinating Unit, Finance Unit, Budget Unit, Internal Audit, Works Department and Environmental Sanitation Unit.

Decentralized Departments

Nine (9) out of the statutory eleven (11) decentralized departments that are required by law to be established in the District are in operation.  The composition of these departments is outlined table below:




Table 21:  Composition of Decentralized Departments

1.Ghana Education


1. Education

2. Ghana Library Board

Social Services Sub-Committee
2.Social Welfare and Community Dev. 1. Social Welfare

2. Community Dev.

Social Services
3.Works Department


1. P.W.D.

2. Feeder Roads

3. Rural Housing

4.Physical Planning


1. Town & Country

Planning Dept.

2. Parks & Gardens

Development Planning
5.Finance Department 1. Controller & Acct.


Finance & Administration
6.Central Administration


1. Central Admin.


3. Births & Deaths

4. Information Serv.

5. Statistical Serv.

1. Executive Committee

2. Finance & Admin.

3. Social Services

4. Works

5. Development Planning

7.Disaster Prevention 1. Fire Service 1. Social Service
8.Health 1. DHMT

2. Environmental Health

1. Social Service


1. Animal Health

2. Fisheries

3. Agric. Extension

4. Crop Services




10. Trade & Industry            –           –
11. Natural Resource


           –           –




S/N Institution Main functions Area of operations Source of funding Linkages Challenges
1 Judiciary -Adjudication of cases

-Execution of administration

District Wide GOG ADA Env. Health, Social Welfare


*Lack of office & Residential accommodation

*Transport and office equipment

2 Police -Protection of life and property.

-Peace keeping

District Wide GOG Judiciary *Lack of residential accommodation

*Transport office equipment

3 Social Welfare Protection of public welfare District Wide GOG








*Lack of office and residential accommodation

*Office equipment means of transport

Inadequate funds

4 Community development Community animation, mobilization and development District Wide GOG




Churches social welfare

*Lack of office and residential accommodation

*Office equipment

*Means of transport/logistics

*Inadequate fund.

5 Agriculture Food and Animal Production District Wide GOG




*Lack of office and residential accommodation

*Inadequate professional staff

Limited funds

6 District Health Administration/District Health Management Team Public health and limited curative services District Wide GOG ADA


*Lack of residential accommodation

*Limited funds

*Inadequate professional staff

*Low community participation

7 NADMO Prevention and management of disasters District Wide GOG



Fire Service

*Mobility Problems

*Inadequate funds

*Lack of office accommodation.

8 Ghana Education Service Provision of educational service at 1st and 2nd cycles District Wide GOG




Social Welfare


*Lack of office & residential accommodation

*Inadequate teaching staff

*Limited fund

*Logistics and transport.

S/N Institution Main functions Area of operations Source of funding Linkages Challenges
9 Town and County Planning Physical Planning District Wide GOG




Feeder Roads

ECG Highways

*Lack of office & residential accommodation

*Inadequate professional staff

*Limited funds

*Lack of means of transport/logistics

9.0 Environmental health Ensures good sanitation District Wide ADA ADA



*Lack of office & residential accommodation

*Means of *transport/logistics

*Lack of funding.

11 Fire service Prevents and fights fire District Wide ADA





*Office and residential accommodation

*means of transport/logistic

*Inadequate funds

*Lack of office equipment

*Limited/inadequate staff

12 Cooperatives District Wide GOG




Community Development

*Lack of Office accommodation

*Inadequate funding

*Office equipment/logistics

*Inadequate staff.

13 NCCE Conducts civic education District Wide GOG



Electoral commission

-Inadequate funds

-Lack of office accommodation

-Inadequate logistics

14 Electoral Commission Conducts elections on behalf of the government District Wide GOG ADA



– Office and residential accommodation

-Inadequate funds


15 Statistical Service Provides reliable/realistic data for planning.

Conducts census on behalf of the government

District Wide GOG



Other Depts.

-Lack of office and residential accommodation

-Inadequate funds








S/N Institution Main functions Area of operations Source of funding Linkages Challenges
16 Information Services   District Wide GOG


ADA Community,

Development Statistical Service,


Electoral Commission

Lack of Office Accommodation

-Inadequate funds

17 NFED   District Wide GOG





Lack of Office accommodation

Lack of office equipment/logistics

-Lack of means of transport

-Inadequate funds

18 Finance   District Wide GOG


ADA Depts. -Lack of Office Accommodation

-office equipment/logistics

-Inadequate Professional Staff

-Lack of means of transport

19 Birth & Deaths Registry Registration of birth and deaths District Wide GOG DHA

Environmental Health


-Lack of office accommodation

-Lack of transport/logistic

-Inadequate staff

-Inadequate funds

20 Central Administration Provides Secretariat Duties for General Assembly District Wide DACF

Dev.t Partners

All Institutions and Depts. -Lack of office and residential accommodation

-Office equipment/logistics

-Unskilled personnel

-Inadequate funds.

21 Atiwa District Health Insurance Scheme (ATDHIS) District Wide GOG




-Inadequate funds

-Inadequate means of transport

-Inadequate skilled & qualified personnel


Sources: Institutional survey by DPCU, 2015




Lack of office and residential accommodation, qualified and skilled personnel and inadequate funds, office equipment and logistics are found to be the main challenges as shown in table above. While there is the need for the District Assembly to put in strategies to improve the capacities of the existing staff, it should also lobby for the postings of qualified and skilled staff to the District.



Gender Analysis and Mainstreaming


Gender mainstreaming is one of the social development issues receiving much attention in the international media, academia and among the agender activities. The gender mainstreaming is to becoming gender sensitive by creating equal opportunities for both sexes and the vulnerable individual in all fields of endeavour.


Gender equality is offering men and women, boys and girls equal rights, opportunities in everything they do to influence, participate and benefit from development. Men and women have the capacity to do whatever each one wants to do irrespective of sex. Equality is a pre-condition for effective and sustainable people-centred development. Many times there is a gap between policy statements and the way in which organisations raises money and organizes participation in the formulation of new policies, legislation and the consequent allocation of resources in the budgets. This has been attributed to factors that negate equal participation in economic processes and decision making, inequitable distribution of development resources particularly to less productive sectors, declining land sizes and soil fertility, the scourge of HIV/AIDS, among others. A Gender Responsive Budgeting Initiative is seen as one way to cover this gap, and ensuring that public money is raised and spent effectively.


The analysis of gender sensitivity of the Atiwa District Assembly does not look good as conscious is not made to mainstream gender in the policy and programme formulation and implementation. The below table which shows the gender composition of the Atiwa District Assembly since its establishment buttress the above assertion.  The table below shows that the average female representation of the three Assembly sessions of the constitutes only 21.7 percent of the total membership of the Assembly except in 2006-2009 session where the female composition exceeded 30 percent.


Table 23: Gender Composition of Atiwa District Assembly



28 80 7 20 35


24 69 11 31 35


47 86 7 14 49
Average 78.3 21.7


Again, the analysis of financial assistance to brilliant and needy children shows that in 2010 out of  four-two students  who received financial assistants, thirty (30) were male while only twelve (12)  were female.  However, in 2011 management made conscious effort to be more gender sensitive by giving more financial assistance to female needy students. And as result, out of forty (40) students who received financial assistance in 2011, twenty-two (22) female and eighteen (18) males were male. On the whole the District Assembly has not been gender sensitive as expected in order to give equal opportunities to both sexes in the development process. Some of key area the Planning Team identified during situational analysis would be addressed in the programme of action included the following:

  • Sensitization of women to aspire for leadership positions including local politics
  • Promotion of girl education in the district
  • Advocacy for nomination of more female to be appointed as Assembly members by Government
  • Adoption affirmative action in the appointment of individuals to serve on committee
  • Adoption of affirmative action in award of scholarships to female needy children
  • Strengthening of non- formal education in the  district to enhance adult female literacy
  • Sensitization of children and women right in the district


Vulnerability and Excluded analysis

In the Atiwa District Assembly, the following groups have been identified as vulnerable and excluded: deaf and dumb; Difficult Circumstances walking, seeing, hearing, speaking; intellectually challenged, mentally challenged, Amputee, Epilepsy, Hunched. Adolescent Girls (those from low income and broken homes and single mothers as well as commercial sex workers) as well as Persons Living With HIV/AIDS. The Aged, poor Women and Unemployed Youth were identified as vulnerable.

Problems related to the vulnerable and excluded in the District include: inaccurate data inadequate credit facilities to the vulnerable and the excluded, high rate of poverty among women, and low employable and entrepreneurial skills especially among them.   One major challenge confronting the District to implement interventions to address the plight of the vulnerable has been inadequate funding due to equally important competing demands from other sectors. However with the creation of the disability fund from the DACF the impact of the challenge would be reduced.

Table: 24   Categorization of some vulnerable and excluded people in the District

1. Difficulty in walking 63 60 123
2. Difficulty in seeing 14 21 35
3 Difficulty in speaking 14 16 30
4 Difficulty hearing 4 7 11
5 Intellectually challenged 2 2
6 Mentally challenged 2 2
7 Epilepsy 2 2
8 People living with like HIV and AIDS (registered members) 26 27 53

Source:  Department of social welfare and District office of the GHS, 2015


In order to reduce the vulnerability of the sections of the population described below, the following interventions will be implemented over the four years to improve the living conditions of the people:

  • Update data of the vulnerable people especially PWDs and the PLWHAs.
  • Organise employable skills for the PWDs.
  • Establish skills training centre for the PWDs
  • Provide finance to assistants to the PWDs
  • Support PLWHAs to access ART

Register and update records of the OVCs

  • Provide financial support for OVCs
  • Support the unemployed young female to be engaged in the National Youth Unemployment Programme
  • Monitor the activities of the PWDs


Information and communication Technology

There are three (3) post offices in the district. These are located at Kwabeng, Abomosu and Anyinam. The District is serviced the direct line telephone services provide by Vodaphone Ghana.  All other mobile telephone services such as MTN, Tigo, Kasapa, Zain and Vodafone are also available in most parts of the district.


The District has no FM radio station; however, signals of most FM stations located in Koforidua, Nkawkaw and Accra are received in most parts of the District. Signals from GTV, TV3, TV Africa, Multi TV and Metro TV are also available in most parts of the district. There are also 5 internet cafes located at at Anyinam. There is also Community Information Centre at Kwabeng and Anyinam. These facilities provide important means through which information and feedbacks can be obtained for effective development of the district. Efforts must therefore be made to ensure that the communication service providers improve and sustain the quality of the services.


The computer literacy rate in the district is relative high especially among the youth and the students. Under the Government free laptop project, 264 laptops had been distributed to 11 schools in the districts. There is hope that more will be distributed during the plan period to enhance the ICT education among basic school students. District Assembly is also intends to connect electricity to some schools in the district without electricity to enhance ICT education

Environment, Climate Change and Green Economy

The District is located within the mist semi-deciduous forest.  The forest reserve covers the Atiwa Scarp and its surroundings. Larger proportion of the district is very green as semi-deciduous forest. However, the activities of illegal chain saw operators and illegal as well as small scale miners continue to threaten the forest cover and the environment. The miners are degrading the land with impunity through excavation for the minerals and spillage of dangerous chemicals. The situation has been aggravated by the activities of the illegal miners who undertake their activities in secret without recourse to lay down mining laws and regulations. In order to protect the forest reserves, the Assembly in collaboration with Forestry department will form forest protection taskforce to prevent the activities of illegal chain saw operators and illegal miners.  Again farmers will be sensitized to undertake planting of economic tree to replace the caught to prepare their land for planting. The Assembly will consciously seek environmental protection before undertaking construction works in order to ensure sustainable development.

Local Economic Development

The analysis of the business activities in the district revealed that most of the business entities are informal with limited structures for expansion. Most of business entities are not registered with the Registrar General and National Revenue authority to be able access some credit facilities for expansion. Again most of these businesses lack the necessary entrepreneurial business management skills to run their businesses efficiently. The road network and the electricity supply in district   are not good enough to enhance the activities of the business community and this should be improved upon. Lack of business advisory institution in the district also hampers nurturing and growth of business entities. Effort should be made to establish district branch of NBSSI to build the capacity of the small and medium scale enterprise.  The capacity of the medium and small scale enterprises should be built in terms of formalization of their business and training. Again the youth should also be sensitized and supported to submit business proposals to access the Youth Enterprise Support to establish enterprises and create job opportunities for the unemployed youth. There is no medium scale manufacturing company in the district except some few small scale mining companies and this has implication for high unemployment and poverty. Assembly should therefore take advantage of the ministry of trade and industry’s industrial acceleration programme to establish some agro-processing industries in the district to create jobs and reduce the post harvest losses.