PROFILE OF THE EASTERN REGION
Location and Size
The Eastern Region lies between latitudes 6o and 7o North and between longitudes 1o30’ West and 0o30’ East. The Region has a land area of 19,323 square kilometres (which constitutes 8.1 % of the total land area of Ghana). Koforidua is the administrative capital.
Population Size, Growth and Distribution
The 2017 projected population for the Eastern Region based on the 2010 population census figure of 2,633,154 and an annual growth rate of 2.5% was 2,952,399. The population is 49% male and 51% female with an Urban – Rural split of 43.3 to 56.6 respectively. About 41.3% of the population is below age 15.
Relief and Drainage
The Region has four main mountains. These are the Kwahu scarp with a height of 2,586 feet above sea level; the Atiwa-Atwaredu Ranges near Kibi with an elevation of 2,400 feet; the Akuapem highland with a height of 1,530 feet is the southern extension of the Atakora-Togo ranges; and isolated hills/mountains dotting the relatively low-lying plains to the south, notably the Krobo and the Yogaga mountains.
The Kwahu Scarp and the Atiwa-Atwaredu form the main watershed of the Region where the Pra, Birim and the Densu take their sources from. The Volta Lake and its Afram tributary in the east and the north-east drains portions of the Region.
Agriculture is the main economic activity in the Region and employs about 53% of the population, 10.7% of the population is in industry and about 22% in the services sub-sector.
The Eastern Region is very heterogeneous with eleven (11) different paramountcies. These are Anum, Boso, Manya Krobo, Yilo Krobo, Akuapem, Akyem Abuakwa, Akyem Kotoku, Akyem Bosome, Kwahu, Akwamu and New Juaben.
The Region has a total paved road network of 14,179.40km and an unpaved stretch of 358.6km.
Water and Tourism
The Akosombo and Kpong dams located in the Region presents high potentials for irrigation, farming, inland fishing, water transport, sports and tourism as well as sources of water for industrial and domestic use. The Ranges in the Region are the habitat of many rare and exotic flora and fauna and is a veritable tourism potential. Koforidua, the regional capital is gradually becoming both a conference destination, educational hub and dormitory town for workers in Accra. The spin-off is the potential for real estate to meet demand for housing units for hostel and residential use.
The extensive ranges of forest highlands such as the Atiwa-Atwaredu, Akwapim and the Krobo and Shai Hills have plains and heights that offer various potentials for agricultural production and industry. The Kwahu Mountain for example has offered the opportunity to institute the annual Easter Paragliding Festival which attracts tourists to the Region. While plains around the Yogaga and Osudoku hills are renowned for vegetables, banana and mango cultivation, the Akwapim range is a prominent horticultural crops growing zone in Ghana.The climate and soils of the region support a variety of cash and food crops including cocoa, kola, cassava, paddy rice and oil palm.
Minerals such as gold, diamond, bauxite, limestone, kaolin and clay abound in the region. Gold and diamond are however the only minerals that are mined commercially. A plan to mine the major bauxite deposits at Kibi on the Atiwa Range is yet to be realized.
Political and Administrative Issues
• Political leadership of the Regional Coordinating Council
The Regional Coordinating Council is headed by the Regional Minister, Hon Eric Kwakye Dafour who is also the Member of Parliament for Nkawkaw constituency. The Minister is assisted by Hon. Joseph Tetteh as the Deputy Minister. Hon Joseph Tetteh is also the Member of Parliament for Asesewa.
• Political Leadership of MMDAs
There are currently thirty-two (32) MMDAs in the Region made up of thirteen (13) Municipal Assemblies and nineteen (19) District Assemblies. Six of these MMDAs were only created in 2017. The table below shows the different MMDAs with their political Heads
Table 1. Political Leadership of MMDAs.
1 New Juaben South Municipal Hon. Isaac Appaw-Gyasi
2 Birim Central Municipal Hon. Kwabena A. Bempong
3 Nsawam-Adoagyiri Municipal Hon. Isaac Kwadjo Buabeng
4 Kwahu West Municipal Hon. Yaw Owusu Addo
5 Abuakwa South Municipal Hon. Owusu Twum Ampofo
6 West Akim Municipal Hon. Seth Oduro Boadu
7 Yilo Krobo Municipal Hon. Ebenezer Tetteh Kupualor
8 Lower Manya Krobo Municipal Hon. Siemon Kwaku Tetteh
9 Akuapem North Municipal Hon. Dennis Aboagye
10 Suhum Municipal Hon. Margaret Darko
11 Kwaebibrem Municipal Hon. Seth Antwi Boasiako
12 Kwahu South District Hon. Emmanuel Attah Ofori Snr.
13 Kwahu East District Hon. Isaac Agyapong
14 Fanteakwa North District Hon. Charles Oware-Tweneboah
15 Asuogyaman District Hon. Samuel Kwame Agyekum
16 Atiwa West District Hon. Kwabena Panin Nkansah
17 Upper Manya Krobo District Hon. Felix Nartey Odjao
18 Akuapem South District Hon. Frank Aidoo
19 Denkyembour District Hon. Seth Birikorang Ofosu
20 Upper West Akyem District Hon. Eugene Sackey
21 Birim North District Hon. Raymond Nana Darte
22 Birim South District Hon. Richmond Amponsah
23 Akyemansa District. Hon. Paul Asamoah
24 Kwahu Afram Plains North Hon. Samuel Kena
25 Kwahu Afram Plains South Hon. George Ofor
26 Ayensuano District Hon. Florence Govina
SIX NEWLY CREATED MMDAs in 2017
27 New Juaben North Municipal Hon. Comfort Asante
28 Abuakwa North Municipal
29 Okere District Hon. Daniel Kenneth
30 Asene-Manso District
31 Fanteakwa South District
32 Atiwa East District Hon. Kwabena Panin Nkansah